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Mandalas in the Wind | Tibetan Buddhist Art from the Collection of National Museum – Náprstek Museum

Archdiocesan Museum Olomouc | Gallery
April 24 - August 27, 2023

In the past centuries, Christian missionaries went to Tibet to convince the locals of the inner strength of their religion, but for now, the spiritual art of Tibetan Buddhism is moving to the former chapter deanery - todays Olomouc Archdiocesan Museum Olomouc. The exhibition Mandalas in the Wind | Tibetan Buddhist Art from the collection of the National Museum - Náprstek Museum, which is on display from 24 April to 27 August 2023, is a part of an artistic interreligious dialogue conducted on the grounds of the Christian-oriented Museum. This is not happening for the first time - in the past, for example, there have been exhibitions representing Japanese Buddhism or Judaism.

The Tibetan Buddhist Art is intrinsically linked to religion. Visitors will see a representative selection from the extensive collection of the Náprstek Museum. In total, there will be over 150 objects, mostly paintings, small votive images and sculptures. "Traditionally, artwork has been seen in Buddhist terms as supporting the three aspects of Buddhahood: body, speech and mind. For centuries, individual objects have served as tools for meditation, prayer, and didactic purposes. They are characterised by their rich iconography, deep symbolism and masterful processing of materials," explains Helena Heroldová, curator of the National Museum - Náprstek Museum.

Over the centuries, Tibetan art has evolved formally, and specific regional styles have also emerged. Magnificent paintings and sculptures have traditionally been part of the interiors of monasteries and wealthy dwellings. Small paintings placed in scapulars or clay offerings were used for everyday folk religious practice. "It is important to note that the Buddhas teachings are not theistic; they do not explain the origin and functioning of the world. Its only goal is the path that leads man to liberation – nirvana. This is defined as the end of suffering, the suppression of clinging to existence, greed, hatred and delusion, the realm of absolute peace, enlightenment and eternal bliss," adds Gabriela Elbelová, curator of the Olomouc Museum of Art.

Tibetan Buddhism has greatly influenced life throughout the entire area of cultural Tibet, which includes the areas of todays northern, central and south-eastern provinces of China and present-day Mongolia. In addition to the dominant Buddhism, other religions play a major role in this cultural area - notably Bon, which is based on nature cults and shamanism and whose origins can be traced back to a time before the advent of Buddhism. 

The title of the exhibition, Mandalas in the Wind, is in a certain way an intended pun, as it is also a clear signal for Europeans - they immediately associate it with Tibet, its culture and religion. "Mandalas are a specific art of complex geometric images that have a symbolic and spiritual meaning. Wind - lung in Tibetan - is not only a real and characteristic element of the Tibetan air, but in Buddhism it also denotes one of the five basic elements - vital energy. The prayer flags known as lungta, which literally means wind horse or horse in the wind, are believed to bring good luck and good fortune," Gabriela Elbelová explains the title of the exhibition. 


For the exhibition Mandalas in the Wind, the Museum of Art has published a 72-page publication of the same name, which introduces the reader to the foundations and history of Buddhist teachings, their conception in Tibet, China and Mongolia, as well as the first contacts of Europeans and their view of the art of Tibetan Buddhism. In the catalogue part, it presents the most important thematic and iconographic groups of objects by means of examples of specific selected exhibits from the collection of the Náprstek Museum. The curators - Helena Heroldová and Gabriela Elbelová - have accompanied the catalogue with rich pictorial material.

EXHIBITON: Mandalas in the Wind | Tibetan Buddhist Art from the collection of National Museum – Náprstek museum
OPENING: 24 04 2023 at 6:30 pm
DURATION: till 27 08 2023
VENUE: Olomouc Archdiocesan Museum, Gallery
AUTHOR: Helena Heroldová
CURATOR: Gabriela Elbelová
EXHIBITION DESIGN: Vlastimil Sedláček
LOANS BY: National museum – Náprstek museum of Asian, African and American Cultures

Photo Gallery

The metal sculpture depicts Buddha in a monks robe with a gesture of touching the ground. He is seated on a lotus throne with two rows of lotus petals.
National Museum - Náprstek Museum


Padmasambhava is one of the favourite figures of Tibetan Buddhism. As an orphan he was brought up in a royal family. He became a monk, roamed India and gained fame as a scholar and magician.
National Museum - Náprstek Museum


This interesting and in the iconography not very common clay sculpture represents an unknown monk belonging to the Tibetan Buddhist school of "yellow caps" Gelug.
National Museum - Náprstek Museum


Two dancing skeletons represent protective deities. They protect against misfortune and thieves, but they also bring wealth. However, the iconography differs from school to school. According to the Sakya school, the two skeletons hold sticks from a twisted "spine"; according to the Gelug school, the "mother" holds an ear of grain and a vase.
National Museum - Náprstek Museum


The White Tara is filled with pure compassion for our suffering, symbolized in the painting by the white colour of her skin. In sculptural form she sits on a lotus throne in a calm meditative position, with her legs folded beneath her in contrast to Green Tara, who has one leg extended towards the ground to rush immediately to our defence if necessary.
National Museum - Náprstek Museum


The mandala is a meditation tool in the form of a circle or stepped pyramid with the main object of veneration placed in the centre. In this case, one of the five transcendent Vairochana Buddhas (Tibetan for "making perfectly visible") rules the symbolically multifaceted composition. The meditative aspect emphasizes the function of the Buddha as teacher, without whom there would be no Buddhism or path to enlightenment.
National Museum - Náprstek Museum


A seated figure of the Green Tara in the rich decorative robe of a female bodhisattva, adorned with a tiara and other jewels. Her left hand is raised in a mudra of blessing, while her right hand points down over her knee in a gesture of supreme generosity. The main Green Tara is surrounded by all her other forms, of which there are twenty-one.
National Museum - Náprstek Museum

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Monday | 25. 9. 2023

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